Commercial EPC legislation in Scotland
Commercial EPC — responsibilities and penalties
If a commercial property is being sold or the lease is being reassigned, the seller/landlord or their representative must make a commercial EPC available to prospective buyers and/or tenants.
Non-compliance with legislation could result in fines up to 12.5% of the property’s rateable value (to a maximum of £5,000).
Fines can be imposed on building owners, or anyone acting on their behalf in marketing the property.
Energy Performance Certificates for commercial property
Our EPC assessors can carry out surveys for level 3 and level 4 buildings, helping you cut energy and CO2 emissions as well as meet your legal obligations.
UK Government policy
In line with the UK Government policy and EU Legislation covering the reduction of carbon emissions, all homes and business premises offered for sale or rental/lease must have an EPC before they can be offered to the market.
An EPC survey takes in the fabric of the building, its shape and size, existing heating, hot water, air conditioning and ventilation systems and lighting. It also takes into account the way the building is used. Surveys may only be carried out by a qualified Energy Assessor (NDEA), registered with an approved Government accreditation scheme like the EPC Register or Scottish EPC Register.
Sold or Let
All commercial property that is sold or let must have an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) commissioned prior to, or within 7 days of being put on the market. There is a further 21 days allowed for the completion and acquisition of the EPC after which time fines can be imposed.
The EPC details the properties energy efficiency and also offers recommendation for improvement if required. The certificates are valid for 10 years irrespective of how many times the property is put on the market for lease or sale in that period.
Are there any EPC exemptions?
Commercial EPCs are not required on the construction, sale or rent of;
Places of worship
Commercial buildings with a total useful floor area of less than 50m2
Buildings which are due to be demolished if sold
Warehouses, food and drinks packaging or heavy engineering plants not requiring conditioning or heating or heated for only a few days a year are exempt. Lease renewals or extensions, compulsory purchase orders and lease surrenders are exempt.
However, unfurnished buildings with gas or electric meters will need an EPC, as these indicate an intention to condition the climate.
Costs for commercial EPC (Energy Performance Certificates) will vary according to the size and complexity of your property. Scottish Energy Services can provide you Commercial EPC quote online or over the phone.
What’s involved in an Commercial EPC?
The Commercial EPC produces an Asset Rating for the building on a scale from A to G, where A is more energy efficient, down to G which is less energy efficient. These are accompanied by a numeric rating which can be used to compare buildings more accurately. Comparison ratings are also shown on the Commercial EPC to indicate how the building compares with a newly built example and a building typical of the existing stock in the UK.
A Commercial EPC register must be provided by an assessor who is both technically qualified and a member of an accreditation scheme. Buildings are ranked by their complexity into Level 3, 4 or 5 and the assessor is trained and accredited to corresponding levels. This means that a Level 3 assessor can only produce EPCs for Level 3 buildings; a Level 4 assessor for Level 3 & 4 buildings and so on.
The Commercial EPC Report itself is produced from an energy model of the building which is created using specialised Government-approved software. The energy assessor creates the model from the following information:
The shape and size of the building and its internal layout taken from scale drawings or physical measurements taken on site
The activity being carried out in each part of the building, such as cellular offices, workshops, retail space etc.
The detailed construction of the building including glazing, taken from drawings, specification and/or the site inspection
Details of the lighting system in use in each part of the building
Details of the heating, cooling and ventilation system in use in each part of the building
Having created the model, the assessor produces an Asset Rating for the building as printed on the EPC. The EPC and Recommendation Reports are then lodged onto the central government database, for England, Wales and Northern Ireland these records are held with Landmark, in Scotland the records are held by the ‘Energy Savings Trust’ (EST), the certificates then remain valid for 10 years.