DOMESTIC ENERGY PERFORMANCE CERTIFICATE
Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs)
At Scottish Energy Services we are able to carry out Energy Performance Certificates for both the Commercial and Domestic Markets, for commercial sites we are able to carry out surveys for level 3 and more complex level 4 buildings. Helping you to meet your legal obligations and cut energy and CO2 emissions.
In line with the UK Government policy and EU Legislation of reducing carbon emissions it was decided that all homes and business premises offered for sale or rental/lease must have an EPC provided before they can be offered to the market.
The EPC details the properties energy efficiency and also offers recommendation for improvement if required. The certificates are valid for 10 years irrespective of how many times the property is put on the market for lease or sale in that period.
In order to issue a certificate, it is necessary to conduct a survey of the fabric of the building looking at the shape and size, Heating & Hot water system, Air Conditioning, Ventilation, Lighting and use of the building etc. The EPC survey must be carried out by a qualified Energy Assessor (NDEA) who is registered with an approved Government accreditation scheme.
All commercial property that is sold or let must have an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) commissioned prior to, or within 7 days of being put on the market. There is a further 21 days allowed for the completion and acquisition of the EPC after which time fines can be imposed.
Are there any EPC exemptions?
EPCs are not required on the construction, sale or rent of;
- Places of worship
- Temporary buildings
- Commercial buildings with a total useful floor area of less than 50m2
- Buildings which are due to be demolished if sold
Warehouses, food and drinks packaging or heavy engineering plants not requiring conditioning or heating or heated for only a few days a year are exempt. Lease renewals or extensions, compulsory purchase orders and lease surrenders are exempt.
However, unfurnished buildings with gas or electric meters will need an EPC, as these indicate an intention to condition the climate.
Penalties and Responsibilities
Failure to comply with the legislation will allow trading standards to levy fines up to 12.5% of the rateable value, capped at £5,000, as a penalty for non-compliance.
The fines can be imposed on the building owners and anyone acting on their behalf in the marketing of the property.
It is the responsibility of the seller, landlord or someone acting on their behalf, to make an EPC available for the building that is being marketed. A lease assignment would be considered to be a sale and the assignor should also have an EPC available.
What’s involved in an EPC?
The EPC produces an Asset Rating for the building on a scale from A to G, where A is more energy efficient, down to G which is less energy efficient. These are accompanied by a numeric rating which can be used to compare buildings more accurately. Comparison ratings are also shown on the EPC to indicate how the building compares with a newly built example and a building typical of the existing stock in the UK.
An EPC must be provided by an assessor who is both technically qualified and a member of an accreditation scheme. Buildings are ranked by their complexity into Level 3, 4 or 5 and the assessor is trained and accredited to corresponding levels. This means that a Level 3 assessor can only produce EPCs for Level 3 buildings; a Level 4 assessor for Level 3 & 4 buildings and so on.
The EPC Report itself is produced from an energy model of the building which is created using specialised Government-approved software. The energy assessor creates the model from the following information:
- The shape and size of the building and its internal layout taken from scale drawings or physical measurements taken on site
- The activity being carried out in each part of the building, such as cellular offices, workshops, retail space etc.
- The detailed construction of the building including glazing, taken from drawings, specification and/or the site inspection
- Details of the lighting system in use in each part of the building
- Details of the heating, cooling and ventilation system in use in each part of the building
Having created the model, the assessor produces an Asset Rating for the building as printed on the EPC. The EPC and Recommendation Reports are then lodged onto the central government database, for England, Wales and Northern Ireland these records are held with Landmark, in Scotland the records are held by the ‘Energy Savings Trust’ (EST), the certificates then remain valid for 10 years.